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DOC practice tests - Cold War Period(1947-1991 During the...

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Cold War Period (1947-1991) During the Cold War period, which lasted from 1947-1991, there were several events that occurred. The Cold War was basically a war fought to contain communism, and for the US to fulfill its manifest destiny to spread democracy and the American way of life. This was a war to fend American exceptionalism. This war was proxy controlled, which means that small countries go at each other. The American War in Southeast Asia was a big war during this period. America went to many southeast countries to fight against communism and spread their ideals and democracy instead. During this war, the enemy got racialized. Americans feared the domino effect where one country who falls under communism will cause other countries to fall into it as well. America allied with several countries to battle Russia and the Soviet Union to prevent communism from spreading. America held proxy wars during this period to prevent nuclear wars from occurring. The nuance behind this was that they didn’t want to fight each other directly, but in the end, they still ended up holding a war by allying with other countries. During this period, people had the paranoid Cold War mentality that communism would take over our democratic world. This brought about McCarthyism and the Red Scare, where false accusations were made and people were blacklisted for the wrong reasons. McCarthyism was led by senator Joe McCarthy from Wisconsin, who believed that communism directly infiltrated our societies from within the country itself by dominating our schools, government, and institutions. He proposed that socialism and communism was the main threat in America. As a result, a scare arose and brought about false prosecutions. At this time, people were so scared of communism that they went to extremes to prevent it. It influenced people to believe that communism was a bad thing and that it was something that had to be stopped from conquering other nations. Third World solidarity was also prevalent during this time. This is when first world countries (developed) work together with third world countries (undeveloped) to mutually benefit. Third world solidarity meant that first world nations were in solidarity with third world nations, and vice versa. The first world nations exhibited the “other- preservationist” approach to help the third world countries prosper economically and socially. First world countries are encouraged to help out third world countries because first world countries aid them in going up the economic and social ladder for mutual gain. Pre-World War II Period (1920s-30s) Prior to the World War II period, the Great Depression took place and basically left the United States in poor conditions economically. The U.S. experienced an economic meltdown, leaving many families impoverished and unemployed. This depression affected mainly the
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lower-class, or the poor people. America experienced this depression because stock markets crashed, banks failed, and droughts were prevalent. Franklin Roosevelt came up with the New Deal to help these
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DOC practice tests - Cold War Period(1947-1991 During the...

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