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DOC 3 Midterm Study Guide

DOC 3 Midterm Study Guide - Sharon Ng DOC 3 Midterm Study...

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Sharon Ng DOC 3 Midterm Study Guide Spring 2011 Format: Short Answer (6 of 1-3 words (5 pts each), 10 of 2-3 sentences (7 pts each)), conceptual; no need to bring bluebooks Key Terms/Concepts Universality of cultures* o Barthes reading: what links people together are birth, death, and work American exceptionalism* o Idea that American ideals/customs/traditions are superior to everything else o We are in control; not the government o Master Narrative Egalitarianism* o Idea that everyone’s equal and therefore should have equal opportunities o Elite class Structuralism o Certain political and social structure à manifestation of people as individuals § Black people are criminal because they lived in deplorable conditions and denied opportunities... but must keep in mind that stereotypes may not ALWAYS work o Interrelated to essentialism o Effect of social, political, economic structures on people Essentialism o Naturalizing things o People are the same because they share same nature o If we think of race for example (race shared nature… i.e. blacks are good athletes (stereotypes linked to biology?) o Gender (women weaker than men = essentialist thinking) o Internment movie: when white was interned, it was interesting because it went above essentialism… because people would usually think that the Japanese got interned o We have these things because of the nature we are in o by simply looking at everyone together/equal/doing things same way, you ignore the fact that it’s not true in actuality… raises examples: Emmett Till (DOC 2), birth (beautiful thing, but makes point that not all births are the same… difference between life chances, etc.), death (some people die more peacefully than others) o nature is conceived of in a historical way; in diff times, people understand nature in diff ways o human beings are subservient to everything in nature o people sometimes think nature can execute their wills Representation** o to depict/represent something; who has right to speak, who’s silenced in representations? à representation = reproduced in context of meaning (like common sense); some meanings dominate, some left out o Symbolic representation o Political representation o Art form of representation expands on something that is real (Duck Soup – represents gov’ts
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working effectively, etc., how society develops, political conflict, relationship b/w conflict & money) o no representation is neutral, no rep lacks an ideology, there’s always something there, even if it’s the notion of no ideology (that’s an ideology!) Ideology** o form of master narrative; refers to system of ideas, assumptions, and beliefs; can come from numerous places at the same time; way you perceive truth; i.e. American Dream: wealth, TV, meritocracy, etc.
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DOC 3 Midterm Study Guide - Sharon Ng DOC 3 Midterm Study...

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