SOC 2 Essay 1

SOC 2 Essay 1 - Ng 1 Sharon Ng Professor Evans, TA Lila...

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Ng 1 Sharon Ng Professor Evans, TA Lila Sharif SOCI 2 – A03 07 February 2011 The Enlightenment and the Emergence of Sociology Sociology emerged in the Enlightenment period (1800’s). The political, economic, and cultural changes in this era led to the manifestation of this field. The themes and contradictions of the Enlightenment discourse influence the birth of Sociology because they contribute to a new group of ideas about society. Three themes of the Enlightenment discourse, universalism, uniformity, and freedom have fostered the path breaking start of Sociology, but at the same time, had contradictions, which instigated the study of society and the way people think. The Enlightenment was an age of reason advocating authority. The Enlightenment discourse often had contradictions because no single thought existed. The Enlightenment focused on questioning institutions, values, and the strong notion in rationality and science. This age was vital to the origination of Sociology because it focused on the important developments in the Western society, which eventually impacted the rest of the world (Hamilton 6). Universalism was the notion that reason and science could be applied to every situation. It also assumed that any educated person could technically know everything (5). The paradox behind this is that the Enlightenment era accentuated progress and the creation of disciplines by intellectuals. There was nothing set in stone for people to “know everything about,” since ideas
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SOC 2 Essay 1 - Ng 1 Sharon Ng Professor Evans, TA Lila...

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