, Writing Assignment #2: Annotated Bibliography, Feb. 22, 2011
“How Fossil Fuels were Formed,” U.S. Department of Energy, last modified October 9,
The United States Department of Energy did a good job of giving simple, yet
informative information on how fossil fuels, including coal, are formed over time.
Coal is formed from dead, compressed plants over hundreds of millions of years.
It explains why the Eastern U.S. (Appalachia) has a high coal content due to its
past as a large swampy/sea area. This gives good information as to why
Appalachia is a good area to look at in terms of coal in the United States.
Tenenbaum, David J., “Trash or Treasure? Putting Coal Combustion Waste to Work,” In
Environmental Health Perspectives
Vol. 117, No. 11 (Brogan & Partners, Nov.,
2009), pp. A490-A492, A494-A497. This section of the book gives great
information on what is being done to take care of waste that has already been
produced by using coal as an energy source. It talks about Coal Combustion
Waste (CCW) and how it can be ‘recycled” in construction products such as
concrete, and how that in turn affects the environment by leeching ‘poisons’ into
the ground. It also goes into using CCW in landfills, and the different regulations
that need to be put into place.
Steve Owen and Jeff Boyer, “Energy, Environment, and Sustainable Industry in the
Appalachian Mountains, United States,” In
Mountain Research and Development
Vol. 26, No. 2 (International Mountain Society, May, 2006), pp. 115-118. This