EXAM 2 NOTES - 22:46 I Yet, o Size o o...

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22:46
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The Federal Bureaucracy 22:46 I. Presidents Confront Paradox Significant “legal authority” over federal bureaucracy Yet, control is constrained: o Size o Complexity of organization o Politics – iron triangles, public opinion, two bosses II. Organizational Structure of the Federal Bureaucracy Hierarchical Units     Cabinet/Departments    Agencies    Bureaus, Offices, Administrations, and Services Non-Cabinet Agencies     1. Independent Regulatory Commissions i. Directed by group of commissioners ii. Quasi-judicial authority iii. Quasi-legislative authority 2. Government Corporations i. Gov’t ownership of economic enterprise 3. Boards, Committees Commissions Historical Change    
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The Federal Bureaucracy 22:46 19 th  Century   Patronage Meshed with party system of the day 20 th  Century   Professionalized created by Pendleton Act of 1883 Life-long bureaucrats exempt from political control Merit exams govern hiring and promotion Staffed from experts from industry III. How does bureaucracy shape policy? Components of Bureaucratic Power:      Covers Spectrum of Pubic Policy including  social and economic regulation, national security, and foreign policy (e.g. Social  Regulation – Protect health/safety) 1. Rule Making 2. Adjudication 3. Compliance enforcement 4. Fund allocation IV. Exercising Control over Bureaucracy 1. Legal Controls     a. Has agency overstepped its jurisdiction/legal authority? b. Have agency decisions violated rights? 2. Legislative Control      (oversight) a. Statutory authority b. Can review appointments + control budgets c. Can alter organizational structure, roles, or responsibilities 3. Public Control     e.g. Sunshine Laws, Freedom of Information Act 4. Presidential Control     a. Appointments, serve at pleasure of president b. Control by Kitchen Cabinet/EOP and WHO c. Executive orders, OMB clearance, spending + impoundments
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Courts Power 22:46 Alexander Hamilton – The Court as the least dangerous branch?
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Courts Power 22:46 Right to burn flag (freedom of speech) Military tribunals (right of due process) Minority rights (equal protection) Abortion (right to privacy) State executions (cruel & unusual punishment) Supreme Court insulated from politics, but court still political institution?
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