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Peter Singer on Famine Relief

Peter Singer on Famine Relief - ISSUES There are empirical...

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Peter Singer on Famine Relief Tuesday, November 30, 2010 11:48 AM 1. The death or suffering caused by famine and starvation is bad 2. There is some action that can significantly lessen the death and suffering due to starvation and famine and it causes no other comparable harm or suffering 3. If there is an action that can prevent some bad without sacrificing any comparable moral good, then one has a strong moral obligation to take that action 4. Therefore one has a strong moral obligation to take whatever action fits 2 On Singer's Argument Strong Moral Obligation Binding Overriding Impartial Universal Acting otherwise is acting immorally Possible Qualifications Proximity distance Agent is not the only one so morally bound Charity is not a duty For some good acts it is not wrong to fail to do them
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Unformatted text preview: ISSUES There are empirical and moral issues with regard to Singer's view Empirically there must be evidence that supports whatever action is proposed as either optimal or minimizing harms. There are a number of disputes here including those raised by another utilitarian in Garret Hardin's Lifeboat Ethics Morally the question is what the duty entails and whether the duty as proposed is independent of utilitarianism as an ethical or not. Famine Relief Contrasting Kantian with Utilitarian Ethics 1. Less Massive Moral demands 2. Clearer Specifications of what is demanded 3. Applicable only to agents acting intentionally 4. Restricted scope of moral relevance 5. The central Kantian Principle relevant to famine relief is the duty of Beneficence or fostering the ends of others...
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