Psych Test 3 - Section 3-1 I DEFINING ABNORMALITY...

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Section 3-1 I. DEFINING ABNORMALITY STATISICAL NORMS – not very common; unusual; not a good definition SOCIAL NORMS – does it fit in social crowd? Socially acceptable? This can vary with time. MALADAPTIVENESS – most important thing. Is destructive. It harms the welfare of the individual or the people around them. Most important criteria to figuring out if something is abnormal. COGNITIVE/PERCEPTUAL DISTORTIONS – paranoid or depressed. Perception of the world and people around you are distorted, but not necessarily abnormal PERSONAL DISTRESS – subjective feelings like being miserable, anxious, depressed, agitated, having insomnia. II. WHAT'S NORMAL? EFFICIENT PERCEPTION OF REALITY – means you have an efficient and accurate understanding of the world around you, whether good or bad VOLUNTARY CONTROL OVER BEHAVIOR – when you decide to act or not to act, you are in control of what is happening. Normal if you can control yourself and abnormal if you can’t. Uncontrollable impulses: you feel like you have to do it even if it’s not you. to become comfortable with them and accept them. ABILITY TO FORM AFFECTIONATE RELATIONSHIPS – sensitive to the needs of others and don’t make excessive demands. Have emotional connections. Can develop in childhood. If you can’t form relationships with your parents, you will have difficulty forming relationships with others. PRODUCTIVITY – being able to channel the energy and ability into something productive. Type A personality – hard driven, prone to stress related diseases. Being productive is considered normal. III. CLASSIFYING ABNORMALITY: THE DSM-IV (5 AXES) AXIS I: THE DIAGNOSTIC CATEGORY – acute psychological problem. What is wrong right now? Why did they seek treatment? AXIS II: PERSONALITY DISORDERS & MENTAL RETARDATION – long term psychological problem. May influence how short term problem plays out. - Axis 3, 4, and 5 are not typically psychological in nature. AXIS III: RELEVANT PHYSICAL DISORDERS – medical factors and social factors can cause psychological consequences. Medical = diseases, Social = life events AXIS IV: DOCUMENTATION OF STRESSFUL EVENTS – social things AXIS V: EVALUATION OF SOCIAL AND OCCUPATIONAL FUNCTIONING – global assessment of functioning. How are you coping with everything that is going on? Can you make it to work? How is your health? Etc. On the slides, do not memorize the laundry list of diagnostic disorders. Instead look for what jumps out. On this one, the disorders most important are the ones talked about in the slides later. Disorders evident in childhood, mental retardation, separation anxiety, cognitive disorders IV. PREVALENCE V. ANXIETY DISORDERS
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GENERALIZED ANXIETY & PANIC DISORDERS – When the anxiety present source cannot be identified, you either have generalized anxiety disorder, which is persistence and chronic (there all the time, low intensity), or panic attack disorder which is temporary and
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Psych Test 3 - Section 3-1 I DEFINING ABNORMALITY...

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