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Review test 3-I - I Defining Abnormality Statistical Norms...

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I. Defining Abnormality Statistical Norms- statistical frequency; are extreme happiness & intelligence abnormal? Social Norms- social standards; different cultures & difference times? Maladaptiveness- most important?; harms welfare of the individual or their social group. Cognitive/Perceptual Distortions- is having extremely high self-esteem abnormal? Personal Distress- subjective feelings; miserable, anxious, depressed, agitated, insomnia? II. What’s Normal Efficient Perception of Reality- realistic appraisals of their reactions & capabilities, the world around them. Voluntary control over behavior- decisions to act are voluntary & not due to uncontrollable impulses. Self-Esteem & Acceptance- feelings of self-worth & acceptance, comfortable & spontaneous with others. Ability to form affectionate relationships- sensitive to the needs of others & don’t make excessive demands. Productivity- able to channel energy & ability into productive activity. III. Classifying Abnormality: The DSM-IV (5 Axes) Axis I: Acute psychological problem (what’s wrong right now). The Diagnostic Category- clinical disorders and other conditions that may be a focus of clinical attention. A. Schizophrenia- Loss of contact with reality, disturbance of thought & perception, bizarre behavior, delusions, hallucinations. B. Mood Disorders- Depression, mania, manic- depression (bipolar disorder). C. Anxiety Disorders- Anxiety is the main symptom (generalized anxiety, panic attacks) or anxiety caused by situations (phobias) or intrusive thoughts (obsessive-compulsive disorder). Also includes post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). D. Sexual and Gender Disorders- Sexual identity (transexualism), sexual performance (impotence, premature ejaculation, frigidity), or sexual aim (pedophilia, sadism, masochism).
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