{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Test 3 PPT - Section 3-1 DEFINING ABNORMALITY STATISTICAL...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Section 3-1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
DEFINING ABNORMALITY: STATISTICAL NORMS : STATISTICAL FREQUENCY; ARE EXTREME HAPPINESS & INTELLIGENCE ABNORMAL? SOCIAL NORMS: SOCIAL STANDARDS; DIFFERENT CULTURES & DIFFERENT TIMES? COGNITIVE/PERCEPTUAL DISTORTIONS: IS HAVING EXTREMELY HIGH SELF-ESTEEM ABNORMAL? PERSONAL DISTRESS: SUBJECTIVE FEELINGS; MISERABLE, ANXIOUS, DEPRESSED, AGITATED, INSOMNIA? BEHAVIORAL MALADAPTIVENESS: MOST IMPORTANT?; HARMS WELFARE OF THE INDIVIDUAL OR THEIR SOCIAL GROUP.
Background image of page 2
DEFINING NORMALITY: EFFICIENT PERCEPTION OF REALITY: REALISTIC APPRAISALS OF THEIR REACTIONS & CAPABILITIES, THE WORLD AROUND THEM. VOLUNTARY CONTROL OVER BEHAVIOR: DECISIONS TO ACT ARE VOLUNTARY & NOT DUE TO UNCONTROLLABLE IMPULSES. SELF-ESTEEM & ACCEPTANCE: FEELINGS OF SELF-WORTH & ACCEPTANCE, COMFORTABLE & SPONTANEOUS WITH OTHERS. ABLE TO FORM AFFECTIONATE RELATIONSHIPS: SENSITIVE TO THE NEEDS OF OTHERS & DON'T MAKE EXCESSIVE DEMANDS. PRODUCTIVITY: ABLE TO CHANNEL ENERGY & ABILITY INTO PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITY.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
DIAGNOSTIC CATEGORIES (AXES I & II) THE LAUNDRY LIST: 1. DISORDERS EVIDENT IN CHILDHOOD: MENTAL RETARDATION, AUTISM (PDD), ATTENTION DEFICIT WITH HYPERACTIVITY (ADHD), SEPARATION ANXIETY, SPEECH DISORDERS, DELAYED LANGUAGE 2. COGNITIVE DISORDERS (DELIRIUM, DEMENTIA, AMNESIA): PERMANENT OR TRANSIENT; MAY RESULT FROM AGING, DEGENERATIVE CNS DISEASE (ALZHEIMER'S, SYPHILIS), OR TOXIC SUBSTANCES (LEAD POISONING, DRUGS). 3. SUBSTANCE ABUSE: EXCESSIVE USE OF: ALCOHOL, BARBITURATES, AMPHETAMINES, COCAINE, MARIJUANA & TOBACCO(?) 4. SCHIZOPHRENIA: LOSS OF CONTACT WITH REALITY, DISTURBANCES OF THOUGHT & PERCEPTION, BIZARRE BEHAVIOR, DELUSIONS, HALLUCINATIONS. 5. MOOD DISORDERS: DEPRESSION, MANIA, MANIC-DEPRESSION (BIPOLAR DISORDER). 6. ANXIETY DISORDERS: ANXIETY IS THE MAIN SYMPTOM (GENERALIZED ANXIETY, PANIC ATTACKS) OR ANXIETY CAUSED BY SITUATIONS (PHOBIAS) OR INTRUSIVE THOUGHTS (OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER). ALSO INCLUDES POST-TR AUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD) . 7. SOMATOFORM DISORDERS: PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS BUT NO ORGANIC BASIS. CONVERSION DISORDERS (GLOVE ANESTHESIA), HYPOCHONDRIA. 8. DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS: EMOTIONALLY-BASED ALTERATIONS IN CONSCIOUSNESS, MEMORY, OR IDENTITY. INCLUDES DISSOCIATIVE AMNESIA AND DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY (MULTIPLE PERSONALITY). 9. SEXUAL DISORDERS: SEXUAL IDENTITY (TRANSEXUALISM), SEXUAL PERFORMANCE (IMPOTENCE, PREMATURE EJACULATION, FRIGIDITY), OR SEXUAL AIM (PEDOPHILIA, SADISM, MASOCHISM). 10. EATING DISORDERS: ANOREXIA & BULIMIA . 11. SLEEP DISORDERS: CHRONIC INSOMNIA, EXCESSIVE SLEEPINESS, SLEEP APNEA, SLEEP-WALKING, & NARCOLEPSY. 12. FACTITIOUS DISORDERS: INTENTIONALLY PRODUCED OR FEIGNED PHYSICAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS. NOT MALINGERING. MUNCHAUSEN'S SYNDROME. 13. IMPULSE CONTROL DISORDERS: KLEPTOMANIA, PATHOLOGICAL GAMBLING & PYROMANIA. 14. ADJUSTMENT DISORDERS: MARITAL PROBLEMS, PARENT-CHILD DIFFICULTIES, AND ACADEMIC OR OCCUPATIONAL PROBLEMS . 15. PERSONALITY DISORDERS (axis II): LONG-STANDING MALADAPTIVE PATTERNS OF BEHAVIOR THAT CONSTITUTE IMMATURE & INAPPROPRIATE WAYS OF COPING WITH STRESS OR SOLVING PROBLEMS.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
LIFETIME PREVALENCE RATES OF SELECTED DISORDERS: KESSLER ET AL., 1994 DISORDE R RATE ANXIETY DISORDER S 24.9% MOOD DISORDER S 19.3% SCHIZOPH RENIA & RELATED DISORDER S 0.7% ANTISOCIA L PERSONA LITY 3.5% SUBSTAN CE ABUSE 26.6%
Background image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}