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Unformatted text preview: 2008-01-16Psychology is very broad, looking at its roots. History of philosophy part of psychology led to multiple facets of physchology. (Ancient Egyptian thought the heart, later on, Greeks thought the brain was the mental life of human, During dark age these studies were kept in monasteries, deemed barbaric. But in the renaissance period, the development of printing press led to the widespread of these ideas again.Anton van Leeuwenhoekdevelops microscope with a better quality than those on the market (led to biology, microbiology, finding of cells, etc). Luigi Galvaniexperimented on legs of a frog using a battery to cause limbs to twitch, finding that the electricity caused muscles move. (Influenced Mary Shelleys Frankeinstein). Major foci of DevelopmentalChildhood & beyond usually till adolescent, some go beyond, like agingSocialInterpersonal behavior behavior between individual peopleExperimentalSensation, perception, learning, memory PhysiologicalNervous system & hormones (modern term is behavioral neuroscience.)CognitiveHigher mental processes: reasoning, problem solvingPersonalityindividual consistency in behavior your behavior in a broad situationsPsychometricsPsychological testing to measure psychological phenomena 2008-01-22Some modern dominant perspective1.Psychoanalytic - Psychoanalysis contends that people unconsciously function primarily on the pleasure principle, simply avoiding pain and approaching pleasure, and because of this people aren't by nature good. The unconscious mind controls behavior and inner conflicts. 2.Phenomenological Humanistic: It stands in contrast to the earlier Psychoanalytic perspective. Phenomenology holds that people have inborn basic real needs for unconditional positive regard (essentially, unconditional love and acceptance) and self-actualization (reaching one's full potential, "being all you can be"). People, therefore, are basically good. And the conscious mind is in control and aware of behavior and deals with any inner conflicts.3.Cognitive - studies how people perceive, remember, reason, decide, think and the attitudes they hold to find the causes of behaviors and even psychological disorders. 4.Evolutionary - views human mental and psychological traits as the result of natural selection during the course of human evolution....
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