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Unformatted text preview: 2008-01-28The working Assumptions of Science1.The Reality of the world Real even if you cant see it or touch it.2.Rationality logical/ordered thought3.Regularity principle of governing the world is consistent from place to place and time to time4.Causality Things have cause (cause/effect).5.Discoverability things that we cant understand now will eventually understandable. A. Research SettingLaboratory: Uniform and controlled environment - ArtificialField: Naturalistic Unique and potentially unpredictable, uncontrolled situations. (anywhere you dont have control)B. Data collectionSelf-Report (Questionnaires, interviews) Relatively easy to administer, gather , & score; Can be very detailed-Questionnaires can be biased; can lack generality or validity; people can lie or forget reliability can be limited, ie., observer bias in interviewsObservation (Laboratory or Naturalistic)-Minimally intrusive-Can lack Generality; Reliability can be limited, i.e., observer bias. (write down what the others -Can lack Generality; Reliability can be limited, i....
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- Spring '08