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Exam1 - KOREA Exam I Old Choson-2333 to 108 BC-thought to...

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Old Choson : -2333 to 108 BC -thought to be the first Korean state -allowed Koreans to think of a past Korea that was once larger than present day -according to Korean legend, Tangun established Old Choson in NW Korea in 2333 B.C. -According to legend, the son of heaven, Hwanung, descended to earth and married a bear-turned-woman, who bore a son, Tan'gun, the founder of Choson Tan’gun: -a demigod whose birth in 2333 BC is attributed to the union of a sky deity and a bear woman -believed to have founded Old Choson Kija: -was given Choson by Zhou Dynasty -Traditional Korean sources present two different accounts of the origins of civilization on the peninsula. One credits this achievement to an indigenous demigod Tan'gun, whose legendary birth in 2333 B.C. is attributed to the union of a sky deity and bear-woman. The second account credits a Chinese noble and court minister, Kija, who is believed to have emigrated to Korea with a large group of followers at the beginning of the Zhou dynasty (ca. 1046– 256 B.C.). The contrast between these two traditions reveals a tension that long conditioned premodern Korean perceptions of their own culture: on the one hand, a proud awareness of cultural distinctiveness and, on the other, recognition of the extensive influence of Chinese civilization. Lolang/Nangnang and the issues it raises: -When the Han dynasty of China conquered the northern part of Korea in 108 BC, it found the whole area consisting of small independent kingdoms or tribes. The capital of the Han colony, Lo-lang/Nangnang, near present-day Pyongyang, is the oldest centre of government in Korea on which the historical and archaeological evidence is sufficient to give any picture of the total social and political reality of the time. Lo-lang was clearly a Chinese, not a Korean city “Eastern Barbarians”: -an array of tribal groups referred to as Dongyi -people of Old Choson were known as “eastern bowman” or “eastern barbarians” -The Old Choson people, called the Dongyi, inhabited Manchuria, East China, and the Korean Peninsula. In addition to Koreans, the Dongyi included Jurchens, Mongols, Khitans, and Xiongnu (Huns) Three Kingdoms: -Koguryo, Silla, and Paekche -Koguryo most powerful early on (unified state, strong military…) KOREA: Exam I
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-Paekche most culturely advanced
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