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한솔형Key Concepts_8

한솔형Key...

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Key Concepts 8 38 th Parallel It is the line chosen at Potsdam Conference in 1945 after the surrender of Japan post World War II. The major purpose was the American commanders did not want the Soviets to occupy the entire Korean Peninsula. It was proposed that the U.S. occupy the South and the Soviets occupy the North. This line later led to the establishment of separate governments in the North and South, each claming to be the only legitimate ruling body in Korea. U.S. Occupation of Korea Gen. John Hodge assigned to administer Korean affairs as the head USAMGIK (US Army Military Government in Korea). U.S. refused to recognize the “Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.” Instead, Syngman Rhee was chosen to provisionally lead the country. U.S. supported the Korean Democratic Party (KDP) and marginalized the Korean People’s Republic (North Korea). At that time, the KDP were thought of as collaborators in U.S.’ favor. “People’s Committees”/Korean’s People’s Republic It was led by Yô Un-hyông and had its branches in all the provinces of Korea. It strived for the coalition of all Korean nationalists, regardless of their position on political spectrum. U.S. saw People’s Committee was part of a Soviet master plan to dominate all of Korea and was marginalized by U.S. in favor of KDP. Korean Democratic Party (KDP) Its purpose was to unify different groups’ effort in establishing a legitimate Korean government by Koreans’ will. The party initially supported the Provisional Government in Shanghai, but later changed its stance towards Rhee’s independent Korean government. It chose Rhee as its leader and was supported by the U.S. The party was largely comprised of Korean landlords, the affluent, and intellectuals, therefore proved conservative. Although the party later experienced political conflicts with Syngman Rhee, by choosing Rhee’s political stance, it contributed in founding of the Republic of Korea.
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