Sociology Notes - 19:36 SociologyNotes September2,2008...

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19:36 Sociology Notes September 2, 2008 Gemeinshaft vs. Geselshaft = shift in kind of solidarity, not loss of it Emile Durkheim  Mechanical solidarity – community collusion due to similarities – alike, same  values, interests, commonality defines community – Gemeinshaft – farm Organic solidarity – cohesion due to interdependent differences – Geselshaft –  city  Shifts from being held together by commonality to being held together by  interdependency – class = organic solidarity…function as a class has nothing to  do with belief systems or values… what matters is that we learn about the subject  matter/get the grade – we all have roles… Gemeinshaft continues within Geselshaft… neighborhoods… people will find  community…Church, work, family, friends, politics… organizations Societies can actually achieve mechanical solidarity if… they focus on common  symbols, enemies, values… flag, osama, freedom – interesting –  for Durkheim, social is internalized by each individual… yin yang? Wu tang clan  bitch… every human being has 2 parts… individual and social – man is double,  individual being and social being.  Physical reality for individual, what we must do to survive, spontaneous desires,  egoism – selfishness just to get what I want(I)(S)symbolic realm we have to eat –  what we do in society for food/with it, society prescribes obligations of stuff we  must do…  Altruism – do things for others – he uses analogy of father with his  son…saying that his actions affect his son,  (Sidenote – he seems to associate morality SOLELY with society, and hence is  biased quite a bit… characterizes individuality solely as animalism, while saying  society balances stuff out   - might think that no real objective morality  exists …?) Durkheim says that amount of personality that is I vs. amount that is S is  determined largely by the type of society that one lives in… in Gemeinshaft, S is  greater, and in Geselshaft, I might be bigger…  According to Durkheim – there can be no individuals without society, different  social organizations produce different human beings… 
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I don’t think he is a total purist societist… but, he does think that the individual  cannot operate independently of the society – weird Why Buffalo Creek is sociologically interesting?  Almost all other places partook in post disaster euphoria – or a wave of very  hopeful feeling comes in after the disaster happens… because people realize  that “my peeps are still there” or community is still an effective source of support 
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