Chuong 15_Lam phat

Chuong 15_Lam phat - NGUYN L KINH T H C Ch ng 15 L m pht 1...

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Unformatted text preview: NGUYN L KINH T H C Ch ng 15 L m pht 1 CH NG 15 L M PHT L m pht l m t hi n t ng kinh t v m ph bi n v c nh h ng r ng l n n cc m t c a i s ng kinh t - x h i. M t v d h t s c n i b t v l m pht l th i k siu l m pht m n c c tr i qua vo u nh ng n m 1920. Ng i ta cho r ng, siu l m pht ph hu ton b h th ng chnh ph dn ch m n c c n l c xy d ng sau th t b i trong cu c chi n tranh th gi i l n th nh t v t o c s cho s t ng c ng quy n l c c a ng pht xt do Hitler ng u. M t lo t cc n c M La-tinh lm vo l m pht r t cao trong nh ng n m 1980 do nh h ng c a cu c kh ng ho ng n bng n vo n m 1982. Vi t Nam c ng nh ph n l n cc n c trong giai o n u c a qu trnh chuy n i t m hnh k hoach ho t p trung sang kinh t th tr ng u tr i qua l m pht cao. Trong ph n u c a ch ng chng ta s c p n nh ngh a v cch o l ng l m pht. Sau , chng ta s gi i thi u cc l thuy t gi i thch nguyn nhn gy ra l m pht. M t l thuy t v l m pht ch th c s c ngh a, khi n gi i thch c th c t l l m pht th ng xuyn bi n ng v lin k t c s t ng/gi m l m pht v i s t ng/gi m c a cc bi n c l p hay cc nhn t quy t nh l m pht. Trong ph n cu i c a ch ng, chng ta s bn v nh ng t n th t m l m pht gy ra cho x h i v m i quan h gi a l m pht v th t nghi p. I. Khi ni m v o l ng 1. Khi ni m L m pht c nh ngh a l s gia t ng lin t c trong m c gi chung. i u ny khng nh t thi t c ngh a gi c c a m i hng ha v d ch v ng th i ph i t ng ln theo cng m t t l , m ch c n m c gi trung bnh t ng ln. L m pht v n c th x y ra khi gi c a m t s hng ha gi m, nh ng gi c c a cc hng ha v d ch v khc t ng m nh....
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2011 for the course ECON 201 taught by Professor K during the Spring '08 term at Susquehanna.

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Chuong 15_Lam phat - NGUYN L KINH T H C Ch ng 15 L m pht 1...

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