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LO-08+AG+Presidency - The Presidency Constitutional...

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The Presidency Constitutional Responsibilities (Derived from Art II, US Constitution) Commander-in-Chief of federal armed forces Make Treaties (w/Advise and Consent of Senate) Nominate top officials (w/ Advise and Consent of Senate) Conduct foreign policy Approve or veto legislation Administer federal laws Grant reprieves or pardons for federal crimes Provide Congress info on State of the Union And recommendations on what is necessary and expedient Why is Presidency so Powerful? In General Domestic and foreign crises Congressional weakness
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Social and technological change Presidential actions More specifically Implied powers (necessary and proper to Art II) Courts expanded power of President Congress delegated discretion to Executive branch Congress not equipped to deal w/ highly technical issues Increasing need for constant manager and consistent judgment When Danger of war is high, Congress concedes to President Growing importance of international trade Modern communications and rapid pace events Presidential Roles Head of State (a largely ceremonial task: i.e. attends funerals of other heads of state, makes speeches during public events, etc) Chief Executive (serves as head of government with all the powers granted by the constitution as enlarged by practice)
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Commander-in Chief (CINC) and of the state national guard forces when nationalized Chief Foreign Policy Maker/Diplomatic Leader Legislative Leader and Coalition Builder (sends budget to Congress for approval, encourages party members and others to develop legislation to support his programs, works with members of Congress to get legislation passed, builds coalitions of supporters in Congress, which often include members of the opposition party in order to get legislation pased Party Leader (Heads the national party) Public Opinion Leader (most called upon person in govt to appear before the press and convince the public of the correctness of his approach to issues.) Also Crises Manager Manages Foreign and domestic crises Morale Builder Pres. plays a symbolic role. When the nation is suffering through a foreign or domestic crisis it often falls to the President to cheer the American people on.
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