Mixalcs-Presentation

Mixalcs-Presentation - Producing Mixed Alcohols from...

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Producing Mixed Alcohols from Biomass Matt Behring Jen Swenton
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Goals • Provide an economically feasible alternative to oil • Provide a sustainable energy source • Provide a use for municipal waste materials • Provide a smaller “Carbon Footprint™” than oil production
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What are Mixalcs?
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What are Mixalcs? • Dr. Mark T. Holtzapple – Texas A&M University – Developed MixAlco Process
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What are Mixalcs? • Mixalcs are a mixture of short chain alcohols such as; ethanol, butanol, propanol, pentanol an hexanol • A mix of heavier alcohols can use existing technology
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What are Mixalcs?
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How can Mixalcs be used? • Mixalcs can be used as a “neat” fuel or blended in almost any proportion into gasoline • Can even blend with heavier hydrocarbons to improve emissions Fuel Energy Content (BTU/gallon) Gasoline 125,000 Mixed Alcohols 104,000 Ethanol 84,300
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Where do mixalcs come from? • Wide variety of feedstocks – Sweet Sorghum, Energy Cane – Municipal waste materials – Anything that decomposes!
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Why are mixalcs so great? • Renewable • Cleaner than gasoline • Higher energy content than ethanol • Lower volatility than ethanol • Lower heat of vaporization than ethanol
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Carbon Footprint™ • Gasoline produces 19.4 lbCO 2 /gal – This only includes combustion • Mixalcs produce 14.6 lbCO 2 /gal – This only includes combustion • Gasoline produces 20% more energy • ~17.5 lbCO 2 /gal
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Business Plan
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Strategy • Start Slow – Allow supply and demand to adapt – First sell mixalcs as addative – Then sell mixalcs as a substitute for gasoline – Finally expand at a rate agriculture can keep up with
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Logistics • Ideal location: Agrarian rural location with plenty of livestock waste, access to oil infrastructure, and cheap real estate • Western Kansas
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Logistics
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Logistics
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Logistics
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TCI • 40 tonne unit was selected to do cost estimation • Lang factors were used to scale the process to different capacities Numbers from Holtzapple
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TCI 21 0 Code Item Qty Unit Cost Unit Cost(unceEquipment Cost(r Lang Factor Exp 2&10 Exp 160&800 Installed Cost Installed Cost A-1 Biomass loader 1 50,000 50,000 $ 50,000 4.28 0.57 0.57 38,800 $ 97,105 $ A-2 Lime screw conveyor 1 5,500 5,500 $ 5,500 4.28 0.56 0.56
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Mixalcs-Presentation - Producing Mixed Alcohols from...

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