Final_Exam_Reivew - GENERAL BIOLOGY I / REVIEW QUESTIONS...

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GENERAL BIOLOGY I / REVIEW QUESTIONS NOTE : This set of questions is just to help you concentrate on important topics you should know by the end of this course. This in NO WAY means that the final exam’s content will be just from the questions in this list. Chapter 1 (Exploring Life) 1. Diagram the hierarchy of structural levels in biological organization from the simplest to the most complex level. 2. What are the two major dynamic processes of any ecosystem? 3. Distinguish between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. 4. Distinguish between positive and negative feedback. 5. What is homeostasis? 6. What are the three domains of life? 7. List and distinguish among the three kingdoms of multicellular eukaryotic life. 8. Distinguish between discovery science and hypothesis-based science. 9. Distinguish between quantitative and qualitative data. 10.Describe what is meant by a controlled experiment. Chapter 2 (The Chemical Context of Life) 11.Distinguish between an element and a compound. 12.Distinguish between each of the following pairs of terms: a. neutron and proton. b. atomic number and mass number 13.Explain how the atomic number and mass number of an atom can be used to determine the number of neutrons. 14.Explain how two isotopes of an element are similar. Explain how they are different. 15. Distinguish among nonpolar covalent , polar covalent and ionic bonds . 16. Distinguish between hydrogen bonds and van der Waals interactions . 17. Define the terms energy , potential energy, and kinetic energy. Chapter 3 (Water and the Fitness of the Environment) 18.With the use of a diagram or diagrams, explain why water molecules are: a. polar b. capable of hydrogen bonding with four neighboring water molecules 19.List four characteristics of water that are emergent properties resulting from hydrogen bonding. 20.Define cohesion and adhesion. 21.Explain the following observations by referring to the properties of water: a. Insects like water striders can walk on the surface of a pond without breaking the surface. b. Ice floats on water. c. Humans sweat to cool themselves on hot days. 1
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22.Distinguish among a solute, a solvent, and a solution. 23.Distinguish between hydrophobic and hydrophilic substances. 24. Define acid , base , and pH . 25.Explain how acids and bases may directly or indirectly alter the hydrogen ion concentration of a solution. 26.Using the bicarbonate buffer system as an example, explain how buffers work. Chapter 4 (Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life) 27.Explain how carbon’s electron configuration accounts for its ability to form large, complex, and diverse organic molecules. 28.Describe the basic structure of a hydrocarbon and explain why these molecules are hydrophobic. 29.Distinguish among the three types of isomers: structural, geometric, and
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2011 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Kaye during the Fall '11 term at Seminole State College.

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Final_Exam_Reivew - GENERAL BIOLOGY I / REVIEW QUESTIONS...

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