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Unformatted text preview: [A] absolute film a film that is nonrepresentational, using form and design to produce its effect and often describable as visual music. abstract film a film that presents recognizable images in such a way that the aim is more poetic than narrative. abstract form a type of filmic organization in which the parts relate to each other through repetition and variation of such visual qualities as shape, color, rhythm, and direction of movement. See associational form Academy ratio a term for standardized shape of film frame established by the Academy of Motion Pictures and Arts and Sciences. In the original ratio, the frame was 1 1/3 times as wide as it was high (1.33:1); later the width was normalized at 1.85 times the height(1.85:1) actualities an old term for documentaries aerial perspective a cue for suggesting represented depth in the image by presenting objects in the distance less distinctly than those in the foreground affective fallacy a term used in literary criticism to suggest that it is an error to judge a work of art on the basis of its results, especially its emotional effect affective theory theory that deals with the effect of a work of art rather than its creation. aleatory technique an artistic technique that utilizes chance conditions and probability. In aleatory film, images and sounds are not planned in advance. ambient light the natural light surrounding the subject, usually understood to be soft. anamorphic lens a lens for making widescreen films using regular Academy ratio frame size. The camera lens takes in a wide field of view and squeezes it onto the frame, and a similar projector lens unsqueezes in onto a wide theater screen. CinemaScope and Panavision are examples of anamorphic widescreeen processes. angle of framing See camera angle animation any process whereby artificial movement is created by photographing a series of drawings or computer images one by one. artisanal production a production in contrast to the mass production of studio production. A filmmaker, producer, and crew devote their energy to making a single film. aspect ratio the relationship of the frame's width to its height. associational form a type of organization in which the film's parts are juxtaposed to suggest similarities, contrasts, concepts, emotions, and expressive qualities. asynchronous sound sound that is not matched with image, as when dialogue is out of sync with lip movements attraction Eisenstein's theory of film analyzes the image as a series or collection of attractions, each in a dialectical relationship with the others. In this theory, attractions are thus basic relationship with the others....
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- Fall '07