01.+Microbiology

01.+Microbiology - Microbiology Microbiology is the Study...

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Microbiology Page 1 Microbiology Microbiology is the Study of Organisms too small to be seen clearly with the unaided Eye. Bacteriology • Bacteriology is the Study of Bacteria (G= rod) - Bacteria are Prokaryotes (G= before nucleus) whose Shapes are determined by a uniquely structured Cell Wall - Bacteria can be shaped like little Rods, Spheres, Commas, or Spirals - Bacteria can be Heterotrophic (G= other feeding) like Animals (or Fungi) or Autotrophic (G= self feeding) like Plants (or Algae) • The overwhelming Majority of Bacteria are Soil-dwelling Organisms - Most Bacteria are vitally important in Biodegradation and Biogeochemical Cycles Plants and Animals have been dying for the past Two Billion Years. Bacteria (and Fungi) recycle enormous Amounts of Organic Matter. • Some Bacteria live in and on us - The Good Bacteria on our Skin prevent Bad Bacteria from taking up Residence - The Good Bacteria in our Large Intestine assist with Digestion and Synthesize many Vitamins for us • Some Bacteria help us make interesting Food - Good Bacteria assist at some Stage in making Buttermilk, Yogurt, Cheese, Kim Chi, Sauerkraut, Pickles, and Olives • Some Bacteria are important in Biotechnology - Good Bacteria have been trained to make Antibiotics, Drugs and Vitamins for us • But a rather vocal Minority of Bacteria cause Diseases in Humans, Animals, and Plants - Bacterial Diseases covered in Detail in the CoursePack: • Plague • Tuberculosis • Syphilis • Cholera
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Microbiology Page 2 Mycology • Mycology (G= study of Fungi) is the Study of Fungi - Fungi are Eukaryotic Organisms without Chloroplasts and with a Cell Wall composed of Cellulose and/or Chitin • Fungi are Heterotrophic (G= other feeding) by Absorption Some Fungi (like Yeast) are Microscopic, but many Fungi (like Mushrooms) are quite large. Fungi are omitted from many Microbiology Courses and won’t be covered in MIC 101. Protozoology
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01.+Microbiology - Microbiology Microbiology is the Study...

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