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Unformatted text preview: Tuberculosis Page 1 Tuberculosis Some History Ancient Times • Signs of Spinal and Skeletal Tuberculosis can be detected in Neolithic Burial Sites and in Egyptian Mummies Greeks • Greek Physicians were familiar with both the Symptoms and the Transmissibility of what they called Phthisis (G= wasting away) - Galen guessed that the Stuff being coughed-up was necrotic Lung Tissue (G= dead) • Recommended that Patients with Phthisis take lots of Rest in a dry, elevated Location This was a Good Idea. • Recommended that Patients with Phthisis drink lots of Milk This was a Bad Idea. Raw Milk was a major Mode of Transmission. Middle Ages It is extremely difficult to track Tuberculosis through Historical Records since any Disease involving Coughing was classified as Phthisis. The Romantic Age (Late 1700s-Early 1800s) The Intellectual Elite had Tuberculosis, including Simon Bolivar, Elizabeth Barret Browning, Emily Bronte, Anton Checkov, Frederic Chopin, Fyodor Dostoyevski, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Johann Goethe, John Keats, Jean Moliere. Niccolo Paganini, Edgar Allen Poe, Sir Walter Scott, Robert Lewis Stevenson, Baruch Spinoza and François Voltaire. Any Woman who was Anyone had Tuberculosis so Alabaster Skin and fever-flushed Cheeks of the Tuberculosis Patient came into vogue, as did Weak and Dependent Behavior. (This isn ʼ t as inane as you might think. Dior has a Line of Perfumes named “Addict”.) Tuberculosis was used to enlist Sympathy for Literary or Stage Characters and created an Esthetic and Poetic (or simply easy) Exit, in much the same Way that Modern Soap Operas enlist AIDS. The boisterous, party-hearty Female Stereotype popular in Europe from The Middle Ages through the French Revolution was replaced by this Sick Female Stereotype. 1839 • A Swiss Physician renamed Phthisis “Tuberculosis” Tuberculosis Page 2 The Industrial Age Industrialization resulted in massive Shifts of Populations from Rural Areas to crowded Urban Areas throughout Europe, and Immigration from Europe to the US resulted in equivalent Crowding in US Urban Areas. These newly Arrived Workers were considered Low Class and Vulgar, and since Tuberculosis rapidly became Endemic in Urban Slums, all Romantic Notions about the Disease were quickly replaced by the stark Reality of seeing Workers coughing-up Blood and dead Lung Tissue. In 1873 Dr. Edward Trudeau of New York City was diagnosed with Tuberculosis. Trudeau took Time off near Saranac Lake in The Adirondacks where had enjoyed hunting for some Time. To his Surprise, he recovered. He returned to The City and Relapsed. So back to Saranac Lake, where he again Recovered. Trudeau came to believe that Sunlight, Fresh Air and Healthy Living prevented Tuberculosis....
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This note was uploaded on 08/23/2011 for the course MIC 101 taught by Professor Mann during the Spring '09 term at UC Davis.
- Spring '09