study guide - exam 2-1

study guide - exam 2-1 - EXAM2STUDYGUIDE LearningPrinciples

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EXAM 2 STUDY GUIDE Learning Principles  what are the two types of  antecedents o Exteroceptive stimuli, interoceptive stimuli what is  exteroceptive stimuli?  o External stimuli in the environment that activate learning o Watching carl’s jr commercial what is  interoceptive stimuli? o Stimuli from within you that activate learning o Your stomach growling what is a  reinforcer? o Stimuli   that   increase   the   likelihood   of   a   behavior   being  repeated o E.g full stomach what is a  punisher? o Stimuli that decreased the likelihood of a behavior being  repeated o E.g weight gain what is  saliency? o The Attention-getting quality of a stimulus (intensity, like,  dislike) o Love or hates online interactions what is  preparedness? o We are more biologically prepared to associate some things  with others . what is an  asymptotic level? o When a maximum level is reached and further training does  not  result in further learning . what are examples of  no associative types of learning? o habituation allows you to adapt to a stimulus that initially elicited a  strong reaction
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a loud noise such a jackhammer tearing up a street,  may initially causes us to cringe, but we slowly begin  to habituate to the loud noise and are able to ignore it  after a while what are examples of  associative types of learning? o sensitization an increase in the intensity of a behavior with repeated  exposure to a stimulus that is emotionally arousing when a teacher repeats something over and over and you  get more and more annoyed each time they repeat it and  you think. .. yeah we got it move on. .. what is  habituation? o a process that allows you to adapt to a stimulus that initially  elicited a strong reaction. o what is  sensitization? o we react more intensely to a stimulus with repeated exposure  because it is emotionally arousing. Classical Conditioning  who developed  classical conditioning ? Ivan Pavlov  Given an example, be able to distinguish what is the US, the UR, the  CS, and the CR. US  -   Unconditioned stimulus  is any stimulus that automatically  produces a response. food is an unconditioned stimulus because it produces a  response by the animal. UR  -   Unconditioned   response  is   the   response   made   to   the  unconditioned stimulus. the response the dog makes to the food is salivation.
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CS  -   Conditioned stimulus  is a previously neutral stimulus that  has now been conditioned  to produce a response. the dog responds to the tone alone by salivating.
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This note was uploaded on 08/31/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Tuttrup,r during the Spring '11 term at Orange Coast College.

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study guide - exam 2-1 - EXAM2STUDYGUIDE LearningPrinciples

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