CDE 232 Exam 1 Study Guide-Fall10

CDE 232 Exam 1 Study Guide-Fall10 - CDE 232 Fall 2010 Exam...

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CDE 232 – Fall 2010 Exam 1 Study Guide Dr. Reesing Know/understand the following: Introduction to Life-Span Development (Chapter 1 and Lecture) 1. Understand what the science of human development is: Human Development: the pattern of movement or change that begins at conception and continues through the human life span. The science of human development seeks to understand how and why people change as well as how they stay the same. 2. Be able to identify the different ways children were viewed historically and how that might have influenced parenting strategies—original sin, tabula rasa, innate goodness Original Sin- children were perceived as being basically bad, born into the world as evil beings Tabula Rasa- children are like a “blank tablet,” and acquire their characteristics through experience Innate Goodness- children are inherently good. 3. Identify the difference between the traditional approach to development and the life-span approach to development Traditional Approach- emphasizes extensive change from birth to adolescence, little or no change in adulthood, and decline in late old age. Life- Span Approach- emphasizes developmental change across the life span (from conception to death) recognizing that development continues to occur throughout adulthood. 4. What are the main Characteristics of the study of human development from a life span perspective? a. Distinguish between normative age-graded influences, normative history-graded influences, & Nonnormative life events Normative age-graded influences- Describes influences that are similar for individuals in a particular age group (Ex. Biological processes such as menopause or puberty. They also include sociocultural, environmental processes such as beginning formal education and retirement). Normative history –graded influences- describes influences common to individuals of a particular generation because of historical circumstances. (Ex. The assassination of JFK, the Beatles invasion.) Nonnormative life events- unusual events that have a major impact on an individual’s life. (Ex. Death of a parent, a fire destroys home, winning the lottery, pregnancy in early adolescence, etc) b. Understand that development is multidimensional and know what type of development each dimension includes. (Page 15) Biosocial dimension/domain-changes/stability in physical nature Cognitive dimension/domain- changes/stability in thought, intelligence, and language Psychosocial dimension/domain-changes/ stability in relationships with other people, in emotions, and in personality All 3 domains interact; few factors belong exclusively to one domain. 5. What are the 8 periods of development of the human lifespan?
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CDE 232 Exam 1 Study Guide-Fall10 - CDE 232 Fall 2010 Exam...

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