CDE 232 Study guide final

CDE 232 Study guide final - CDE232Studyguidefinal Chapter13...

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CDE 232 Study guide final Chapter 13 1. Emerging Adulthood 18 to 25 years old Jeffery Arnett: Identity Exploration, especially in love and work. Instability. Self- focused. Feeling-in-between. The age of responsibilities, a time when individuals have an  opportunity to transform there lives.  2. Growth, Strength, and Health : a. - for children, physical maturation correlates with chronological age and developmental stage - the play years and the school years also have biological markers - in adulthood chronological age is an imperfect guide to development - -social roles vary - a group of 40-year-olds might include those married, divorced, expecting children or who are  grandparents - developmentalists, however, still cluster adults into chronological groups and report differences - age is not definitive within one community, cohort, or culture - muscles grow and shape changes in ways that differ by sex - males gain more arm muscle and females gain more hip fat - physical strength for both sexes increases in the 20s - the body system (digestive, respiratory, circulatory, and sexual-reproductive system), functions  optimally at the beginning of adulthood - serious diseases are not yet apparent, some childhood ailments are outgrown
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Changes in bodies : –senescence: the process of aging, whereby the body becomes less strong and efficient begins as soon as full growth is reached –But is typically not recognized until middle adulthood because of homeostasis and organ  reserve –homeostasis -the adjustment of the body’s systems to keep physiological functions in a state of equilibrium -as the body ages, it takes longer for these homeostatic adjustments to occur, so it becomes  harder for older bodies to adapt to stress –organ reserve •the capacity of young adults’ organs to allow the body to cope with stress Appearance : –most emerging adults look vital and attractive because of overall health, strength, and activity –oily hair, pimpled faces, and awkward limbs of adolescence are gone –wrinkles and hair loss of adulthood have not yet appeared muscles are stronger and obesity is less common in emerging adulthood than earlier or later in  life –young adults worry about how they look because they want attention from each other  Sexual Activity :–the sexual-reproductive system is at its strongest during emerging  adulthood –adults have a strong sex drive –fertility is greater and miscarriage is less common –orgasm is more frequent
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–testosterone, is higher for both men and women –many young adults want sex but do not want spouses or children –more methods today for women to not become pregnant
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This note was uploaded on 09/01/2011 for the course CDE 232 taught by Professor Gingerburell during the Fall '08 term at ASU.

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CDE 232 Study guide final - CDE232Studyguidefinal Chapter13...

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