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Unformatted text preview: University Physics I Review for Exam III Rotation of Rigid Objects (RRO) RRO1. A discus thrower (Fig. RRO1) accelerates a discus from rest to a speed of 25.0 m/s by whirling it through 1.25 rev. Assume the discus moves on the arc of a circle 1.00 m in radius. (a) Calculate the final angular speed of the discus. (b) Determine the magnitude of the angular acceleration of the discus, assuming it to be constant. (c) Calculate the time interval required for the discus to accelerate from rest to 25.0 m/s. Figure RRO1 RRO2 A model airplane with mass 0.750 kg is tethered by a wire so that it flies in a circle 30.0 m in radius. The airplane engine provides a net thrust of 0.800 N perpendicular to the tethering wire. (a) Find the torque the net thrust produces about the center of the circle. (b) Find the angular acceleration of the airplane when it is in level flight. (c) Find the translational acceleration of the airplane tangent to its flight path. RR3. A cylindrical rod 24.0 cm long with mass 1.20 kg and radius 1.50 cm has a ball of diameter 8.00 cm and mass 2.00 kg attached to one end. The arrangement is originally vertical and stationary, with the ball at the top. The system is free to pivot about the bottom end of the rod after being given a slight nudge. (a) After the rod rotates through 90°, what is its rotational kinetic energy? (b) What is the angular speed of the rod and ball? (c) What is the linear speed of the ball? (d) How does this speed compare with the speed if the ball had fallen freely through the same distance of 28 cm? RR4. A long, uniform rod of length L and mass M is pivoted about a horizontal, frictionless pin through one end. The rod is released, almost from rest in a vertical position as shown in Figure RR4. At the instant the rod is horizontal, find (a) its angular speed, Houston Community College – Southwest University Physics I PHYS 2325 2 Review for Exam III (b) the magnitude of its ngular acceleration, (c) the x and y components of the acceleration of its center of mass, and (d) the components of the reaction force at the pivot. Figure RR4 Angular Momentum (AM) AM1. A particle of mass m is shot with an initial velocity making an angle θ with the horizontal as shown in Figure AM1. The particle moves in the gravitational field of the Earth. Find the angular momentum of the particle about the origin when the particle is (a) at the origin, (b) at the highest point of its trajectory, and...
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This note was uploaded on 09/01/2011 for the course PHY 303 taught by Professor Erskine/tsoi during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.
- Spring '08