Kant’s Conception of a Good Will “We have, then to explicate the concept of a will that is to be esteemed in itself and that is good apart from any further purpose, as it already dwells in natural sound understanding and needs not so much to be taught as to be clarified – this concept that always takes first place in estimating the total worth of our actions and constitutes the condition of all the rest . In order to do so, we shall set before our selves the concept of duty , which contains that of a good will though under certain subjective limitations and hindrances, which, however, far from concealing it and making it unrecognizable, rather brings out by contrast and make it shine forth all the more brilliantly. “I here pass over all actions that are already recognized as contrary to duty, even though they may be useful for this or that purpose; for in their case the question whether they might have been done from duty never arises, since they even conflict with it. I also set aside actions that are really in conformity with duty but to which human beings have
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