Arguments - Arguments From The Art of Reasoning Third...

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1 Arguments From The Art of Reasoning Third Edition by David Kelley Arguments Structure Structural Relationships • Dependency - Premises are dependent on one another when if one of them is false the other has no relevance to the conclusion. • Independency – Premises are independent when they individually have some relevancy to the conclusion
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2 Diagramming Structure • An arrow means that the premise or combination of premises provides support for the conclusion. • The direction of the arrow indicates the direction of the support. • Dependent premises are indicated using a plus sign. • Numbers are assigned to each premise. Example 1 • (1) I shouldn’t go home this weekend not only because (2) I have too much homework to do, but also (3) I can’t afford the trip. Example 2 • (1) Cheating on schoolwork is wrong because (2) it is dishonest.
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3 Example 3 • (1) Cheating on school work is wrong because (2) it means relying on someone else’s knowledge, whereas (3) the purpose of education is to learn how to
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Arguments - Arguments From The Art of Reasoning Third...

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