InformalFallacies

InformalFallacies - Informal Fallacies Genetic Fallacy...

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1 Informal Fallacies Genetic Fallacy • Using the source of the argument as a means to discredit the argument. • Ad hominem abusive • Ad hominem circumstantial Ambiguity • Equivocation – the meaning of a word changes in the argument. Semantic issue. • Amphiboly – The arguer misinterprets a statement owing to a structural defect. Syntactic issue.
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2 Examples Semantic • I know a little Greek. • He always lines up on the right side. • She is cold. • Safety experts say school bus drivers should be belted. • My brother doesn’t use glasses. Semantic Ambiguity • She saw the farmer with binoculars. • Players with beginners’ skills only may use court 1. • People who protest often get arrested. • He chased the girl in his car. • She likes candy more than her husband. False Causation • Post hoc ergo propter hoc. • Slippery slope. • Statistical correlation.
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3 False Appeals • False appeal to authority. • False appeal to popularity.
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This note was uploaded on 09/02/2011 for the course PHI 1623 taught by Professor Miller during the Spring '11 term at Santa Fe College.

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InformalFallacies - Informal Fallacies Genetic Fallacy...

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