Moral_Theories - virtues. Egoism standard view The right...

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Moral Theories Origins of Ethical Beliefs Authority Culture Emotion Intuition Reason Moral Theories Groups of moral principles that are systematically related. Origin of the term ‘theory’: from the Greek word theoria meaning a looking at, viewing, beholding, or observing. In its scientific use concepts are defined and understood in relationship to one another. Moral theories are similar–they provide a means of unifying a wide range of moral concerns. Types of Moral Theories Consequentialism Non consequentialism
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Types of Consequentialism Egoism Utilitarianism Consequentialism Key Terms Consequentialim–mora l theories that base morality on the consequences, results, or outcomes of behavior. Egoism Standard View–the moral theory that emphasizes the perceived self interest of the agent, usually in the long term, even at the expense of others if necessary. Egoism Ayn Rand’s View–the moral theory that one should act in one’s own self interest and that this is
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Unformatted text preview: virtues. Egoism standard view The right action in any situation is the one that is most in the individuals long term best interest. Historical variations Plato Aristotle Machiavelli Nietzche Egoism standard view steps in applying theory Step 1 Consider the optional actions that could be taken. Step 2 Determine the most probable consequence of each option. Step 3 Choose the option that is most in your own (or the individuals) long term best interests. Applying Ayn Rands Egoism Step 1 determine the problem or issue. Step 2 determine the optional actions that could be taken. Step 3 eliminate any and all actions that are not in conformity to the cardinal virtues. These are not in your (or the individuals) long term rational best interest. Step 4 Choose the option that is in conformity to the cardinal virtues....
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This note was uploaded on 09/02/2011 for the course PHI 1623 taught by Professor Miller during the Spring '11 term at Santa Fe College.

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Moral_Theories - virtues. Egoism standard view The right...

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