Aristotle - Aristotles Principle of Non-contradiction...

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Aristotle’s Principle of Non-contradiction Edited by Victor H. Miller Following The Revised Oxford Translation Edited by Jonathan Barnes. For a general introduction to Aristotle go to http://www.iep.utm.edu/a/aristotl.htm#H1 click on Logic and Metaphysics and read these selections as background to this essay. Beginning in Book 4 (or Gamma) of the Metaphysics, Aristotle begins to lay out what it is that is the subject matter of metaphysics. He says, “There is a science which investigates being as being and the attributes which belong to this in virtue of its own nature.” 1 He then goes on to lay out the various problems which are encountered in studying this subject. First that there are many ways in which a thing can be said to ‘be,’ “but they are related to one central point, one definite kind of thing …” 2 He then proceeds to lay out the various senses that the term can be used. He uses health as an example of what he is talking about. “Everything which is healthy is related to health, one thing in the sense that it preserves health, another in the sense that it produces health, another in the sense that it is a symptom of health, another in the sense that it possesses it, another in the sense that it is naturally adapted to it … another in the sense that it is a function of the medical art.” 3 And so he concludes that there are other words used similarly to these. “So too, he says, there are many senses in which a thing is said to be, but all refer to one starting-point; some things are said to be because they are substances, others because they are affections of substances, others because they are a process towards substance, or destructions or privations or qualities of substances, or productive
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Aristotle - Aristotles Principle of Non-contradiction...

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