PHI2010_Hume - Objects of Human Reason Relations of ideas...

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1 No Possible Grounds for Induction Hume Objects of Human Reason • Relations of ideas – Geometry, Algebra, Arithmetic – Discoverable by thought – Necessarily true • Matters of fact – Contrary is still possible – Never implies a contradiction – Contingently true • All reasoning concerning matters of fact are founded on cause and effect – Here a noise in the dark and infer there is a person there. • It is supposed there is a connection between the present fact and that which is inferred from it • Anatomize cases and find they are founded on cause and effect Conclusion • Need to consider how we arrive at the knowledge of cause and effect
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2 • Cause and effect can’t be known a priori, i.e., by the operations of reason • Comes entirely from experience when we find any particular object constantly conjoined with one another • Present any object to a person that he has no experience of and he will be unable by any examination of its sensible qualities to discover of its causes and effects • Adam – did not know water would suffocate be examining its fluidity and transparency • He didn’t know that fire would consume him • No objects ever discovers, by the qualities which appear to the senses, either the causes which produced it, or the effects that will arise from it, nor can our reasons unassisted by experience, ever draw any inference concerning real existence or matter of fact •E x am p
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This note was uploaded on 09/02/2011 for the course PHI 2010 taught by Professor Miller during the Spring '11 term at Santa Fe College.

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PHI2010_Hume - Objects of Human Reason Relations of ideas...

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