Herodotus – Custom is king.Argument‐In the order of presentation1.Conclusion: Cambysesiwas mad, he would not have have set himself tomock holy rites and long established usages.2.Premise: For if one were to offer men to choose out of all the customs inthe world such as seemed to them best, they would examine the wholenumber, and end by preferring their own; so convinced are they that theirown usages far surpass those of all others.3.Conclusion: Therefore unless a man was mad, it is not likely that he wouldmake sport of such matters [i.e. of the holy rites].Note: 1 is true based on 2 and 3.4.Premise: Darius’s questioning of the Greeks and Catalations is evidence for2.iThe traditions about Cambyses, preserved by the Greekauthors, come from two different sources. The first, which forms the main part of the account of Herodotus(3. 2-4; 10-37), is of Egyptianorigin. Here Cambyses is made the legitimate son of Cyrus and a daughter of Apriesnamed Nitetis (Herod. 3.2, Dinon fr. II, Polyaen. viii. 29), whose
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Cyrus the Great, Darius I of Persia, Cambyses, Behistun Inscription, holy rites