Hobbes - ►A Hobbes Natural Law Theory law of nature . . ....

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Unformatted text preview: ►A Hobbes Natural Law Theory law of nature . . . is a precept or general rule, found out by reason, by which man is forbidden to do that which is destructive of his life or taketh away the means of preserving the same, and to omit that by which he thinketh it may be preserved. Laws Derived from 1st and 2nd Laws ► ► ► ► ► Laws Con’t ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► 1. Seek peace with others 2. Give up your right to do as you please provided others are willing to give up their right to do as they please. 3. Do what you promised. 4. Show gratitude for benefits conferred. 5. Strive to accommodate other members of your community. (This seems to imply to the necessity of compromise.) 6. Pardon those who have offended you if they genuinely repent and ask forgiveness. 7. Do not show contempt or hatred towards another. 8. Pursue vengeance only to secure a future good, not to punish past transgressions. 9. Do not be arrogant or overly full of pride. 10. Do not grant to yourself a right you are not willing to grant to others. 11. When judging between people, be impartial and treat them equally. 12. Things that cannot be divided should be held in common. 13. Let questions of property and right be decided by an impartial procedure. 14. Let the procedure be first possession or a procedure all agree to . . . 15. Provide sage passage for mediators and ambassadors of peace. 1 Laws Con’t ► 16. In controversies, let a judge or arbitrator decide, do not rely on force. ► 17. Do not try to be judge in your own case. ► 18. Let only those who are unbiased and impartial be judges and arbitrators. ► 19. Judges should decide questions of fact by examining the testimony of witnesses. 2 ...
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