PHI2600_Kant - Kant & The Categorical Imperative...

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Kant The Categorical Imperative Deontology rightness and wrongness of acts are determined by the intrinsic quality of the act itself or the kind of act it is. Deon is derived from the Greek word for duty. Deontology is the study of duties. Consequentialist believes in duty as well. Moral duties Depend on reason not feelings Basis of duty must be founded on a will that would become a universal law. Basis of duty not founded on human nature. Immanuel Kant’s Deontological Theory The standard by which moral reasoning is to be judged is disinterested rationality Or Pure reason–a priori. This is contrasted against a posteriori which is reasoning from experience. Experience is not relevant to morality.
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Divorced from reality Cannot include self interest Good The supreme good is having a good will. This is good without qualification. A good will is an absolute value. Mental abilities can be misused if no good will. Character without good will is bad. Happiness without a good will is bad The sight of a being who is not adorned with a single feature of a pure and good will, enjoying unbroken prosperity, can never give pleasure to an impartial spectator. Pure Reason Guides the Will Reason was made to guide the will If reason made by nature for practical ends it would have been better for nature to have prescribed instinct. The more a man applies reason to happiness the more he finds himself unable to achieve. The above gives rise to a hatred of reason.
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This note was uploaded on 09/02/2011 for the course PHI 2600 taught by Professor Brown during the Summer '08 term at Santa Fe College.

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PHI2600_Kant - Kant & The Categorical Imperative...

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