WritingAssignment2 - Outline of a System of Utilitarian...

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Phi2600 Santa Fe Community College VHM Fall 2008 Ethics and Values Writing Assignment 2 Writing Assignment 2. In his argument for Act Utilitarianism, philosopher J.J.C. Smart stated the following: “What Bentham, Mill and Moore are all agreed on is that the rightness of an action is to be judged solely by consequences, states of affairs brought about by the actions. Of course we shall have to be careful here not to construe “states of affairs” so widely that any ethical doctrine becomes utilitarian. For if we did so we would not be saying anything at all in advocating utilitarianism. If, for example, we allowed “the state of having just kept a promise,” then a deontologist who said we should keep promises simply because they are promises would be a utilitarian. And we do not wish to allow this…” (From “An
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Unformatted text preview: Outline of a System of Utilitarian Ethics,” in Utilitarianism: For and Against, edited by J.C.C. Smart and Bernard Williams. Cambridge University Press. Reprinted in Vice and Virtue in Everyday Life, 3 rd edition, edited by Christina Sommers and Fred Sommers, Harcourt Brace College Publishers, Orlando, Fl., 1985.) Do you agree or disagree with him that if utilitarianism is too loosely construed it would turn a deontologist into a utilitarian? Explain and justify your answer. Essays are to be typed, double spaced, contain a 1” border, state the number of words, and follow the MLA style manual. The minimum number of words is 500. Essays are due on Thursday, October 16, 2008....
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