ICS45NorthwestCoast

ICS45NorthwestCoast - ThePac No ific rthwe t C as s o t....

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    The Pacific Northwest Coast. ..
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    The Region The Northwest Coast is characterized by dense forests, heavy rainfall, and bountiful food resources. Tribes in this environment maintained maritime economies while also fully utilizing the mountainous forest regions as well.
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    The Environment Raw materials are available everywhere.
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    The Lifestyle Transformation appears in the land, the people and the beliefs.
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    The People Culture and tradition are passed down the generations by means of dance, drama, song, and ceremony – as they have always been.
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    The Houses
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    The Old Villages The old villages disappeared rapidly after Contact. Disease, missionaries, government policies, and encroachment all factored into the culture deprivations of the 18 th and 19 th centuries. The majority of art that survives from this time period was stolen from the villages after government officials forced people out.
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    Potlatch Celebrations Potlatches are social and political events where rights, ownership and status are conferred. A critical aspect of social standing and the re- distribution of wealth within a community. Hosts gifted all attendants to ensure that the transfer of important information was witnessed.
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    Potlatches today Potlatch traditions continue today. Some details have changed over time, the arrival of Europeans brought many influences. There was a time when US and Canadian governments and religious leaders wanted Native peoples to give up traditional ways. Starting in the 1880s, when Potlatches and related activities were prohibited by law. The prohibition was finally lifted in the 1950s, and ceremonies no were no longer secretly.
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    Artistic Traditions
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    Looking at Northwest Art
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    Formline Drawings Northwest designs are a visual language – the more you understand the language, the greater your comprehension of the visuals.
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    Elements of Northwest Design Very traditional designs have just enough information for the knowledgeable viewer to recognize the form being depicted.
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    Ovoids All the shapes that comprise formline design, come from nature. The ovoid shape is similar to the
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This note was uploaded on 09/02/2011 for the course ICS 45 taught by Professor Parker during the Summer '11 term at DeAnza College.

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ICS45NorthwestCoast - ThePac No ific rthwe t C as s o t....

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