XRays - X-RAYS In 1895 the German physicist Wilhelm...

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1 X-RAYS In 1895 the German physicist Wilhelm Roentgen discovered X-rays. He was unable to deflect the rays in a magnetic field and unable to observe refraction or diffraction and thus gave them the mysterious name of X-rays. Experiments later confirmed that X-rays were a form of radiation (photons) with extreme short wavelength 10 -10 m. That is, X-rays are high energy photons. X-rays are produced by the deceleration of electrons as they move toward a target metal. As electrons move toward a metal target they will decelerate due to the electric forces of the electrons surrounding the nucleus of the atoms in the metal target. As a result of the deceleration they will emit radiation called X- Rays. The X-rays can be analyzed more carefully by producing a concentrated X-ray beam with the use of lead collimators. The X-rays can then be directed toward a crystal and then toward a detector to be analyzed.
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2 The resulting X-Ray spectrum produced by the metal target has very important characteristics that need to explained.
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XRays - X-RAYS In 1895 the German physicist Wilhelm...

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