Chapter 15 Lesson

Chapter 15 Lesson - Chap. 15 Chap. 15 Outline Chap. 15...

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Chap. 15 Chap. 15 Outline Chap. 15 Outline GB 202 1. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) a) Set forth federal policy re: environment. b) Only requires an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for every major federal action which significantly affects the environment. c) EIS must analyze and describe: (1) environmental impact of the proposed action; (2) any adverse environmental effects of the project that cannot be avoided; (3) alternatives to the proposed action; (4) the relationship between short term uses of the environment and the maintenance of long term productivity; and (5) any irreversible and irretrievable commitments of resources involved. ii) This can be very time consuming and costly. iii) Applies to any federal agency actually constructing the project and any sponsoring and supervising agencies. iv) Purpose of EIS: to provide information to anyone interested in the project and to explain the rationale behind the agency?s choices. (1) Can be challenged, but the challenge doesn?t always make it to court. 2. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) a) Primary federal regulatory body addressing environmental issues. Largest federal agency. Very powerful ? huge staff. Enforces all the statutes discussed in this chapter. 3. Clean Air Act a) Primary federal statute aimed at preventing air pollution. Requires EPA to set standards for certain substances that cause air pollution (pollutants). b) Clean Air Act Structure i) Each state drafts its own plan to implement the standards. EPA then monitors the plan to make sure it complies with the Act. Gives states flexibility.
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Chap. 15 c) "Bubble policy" i) Gives businesses flexibility in complying with the Clean Air Act. If a plant has several different emission points, it may treat the facility as though it?s under an imaginary bubble. (1) If the co. wants to expand operations in one part of the
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Chapter 15 Lesson - Chap. 15 Chap. 15 Outline Chap. 15...

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