Chapter 21 - Equal Employment Opportunity Law: Title
After completing this lesson, the required reading, and the assignments,
learners will be able to:
1. Explain the coverage, administration, and enforcement of Title VII of the Civil
Rights Act of 1964.
2. Describe the concepts of unintentional and intentional discrimination, disparate
treatment and disparate impact, and the various methods of race discrimination
under Title VII.
3. Discuss the issues raised by the concept of affirmative action.
4. Analyze Title VII's application to sex discrimination issues, including payment
concerns, pension benefits, and sexual harassment.
5. Discuss how Title VII applies to discrimination based on religion and national
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Although Chapter 21 deals
with Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, it is a long,
dense chapter! There's a lot to Title VII - in a live class it usually takes at least two class
periods to cover all of the information.
Title VII specifically prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of
gender, religion, and national origin
. It includes any discrimination at work, including
refusal or failure to hire, termination or discharge, and any other terms and conditions of
employment, such as compensation, privileges, and benefits. It applies to employers
with at least 15 employees (and those with fewer may be similarly prohibited from such
discrimination under state law). It also prohibits retaliation against employees who take
action to enforce their rights under Title VII.
Administration and Enforcement of Title VII
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
is the federal agency
which administers and enforces Title VII. Usually, a case begins when an individual or
group of employees files a complaint alleging discrimination. If the state in question has
a local agency authorized to handle employment discrimination complaints, the
complainant(s) must first file a complaint there before going to the EEOC. In Idaho, the
appropriate state agency is the
Idaho Human Rights Commission.
After the Human