Chapter 1 Blue - The Science of Psychology Chapter 1...

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The Science of Psychology Chapter 1
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Chapter 1 Learning Objective Menu LO 1.1 Definition and goals of psychology LO 1.2 Structuralism and functionalism LO 1.3 Early Gestalt, psychoanalysis, and behaviorism LO 1.4 Modern perspectives Skinner, Maslow and Rogers LO 1.5 Psychiatrist, psychologist, and other professionals LO 1.6 Psychology is a science; steps in scientific method LO 1.7 Naturalistic and laboratory settings LO 1.8 Case studies and surveys LO 1.9 Correlational technique LO 1.10 Experimental approach and terms LO 1.11 Placebo and the experimenter effects LO 1.12 Conducting a real experiment LO 1.13 Ethical concerns in conducting research LO 1.14 Principles of critical thinking
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What is Psychology? Psychology - scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Behavior - outward or overt actions and reactions. Mental processes - internal, covert activity of our minds. Psychology is a science Prevent possible biases from leading to faulty observations Precise and careful measurement LO 1.1 Definition and goals of psychology Menu
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Psychology’s Four Goals 1. Description What is happening? 2. Explanation Why is it happening? Theory - general explanation of a set of observations or facts 3. Prediction Will it happen again? 4. Control How can it be changed? LO 1.1 Definition and goals of psychology Menu
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Structuralism Structuralism - focused on structure or basic elements of the mind. Wilhelm Wundt’s psychology laboratory Germany in 1879 Developed the technique of objective introspection – process of objectively examining and measuring one’s thoughts and mental activities. Edward Titchener Wundt’s student; brought structuralism to America. Margaret Washburn Titchener’s student; first woman to earn a Ph.D. in psychology. Structuralism died out in early 1900s. LO 1.2 Structuralism and functionalism Menu
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Functionalism Functionalism - how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work, and play. Proposed by William James. Influenced the modern fields of: Educational psychology Evolutionary psychology Industrial/organizational psychology LO 1.2 Structuralism and functionalism Menu
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Gestalt Psychology Gestalt – “good figure” psychology. Started with Wertheimer, who studied sensation and perception. Gestalt ideas are now part of the study of cognitive psychology , a field focusing not only on perception but also on learning, memory, thought processes, and problem solving. LO 1.3 Early Gestalt, psychoanalysis, and behaviorism Menu
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Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis - the theory and therapy based on the work of Sigmund Freud. Freud’s patients suffered from nervous
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Chapter 1 Blue - The Science of Psychology Chapter 1...

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