Metaphysics PHI 3500Logic and metaphysics go hand and hand for this course.Fundamental structure of reality as a whole.Western analytical tradition.Metaphysics emerged from:Greek “Antiquity”- pre-socratics, Plato, AristotleandMiddle ages-> Augustine (North Africa). *Aquinas (recommended philosopher)17thCentury-> Descartes, Spinoza (some others).1.Discern from:(1) Reality: how the world really is.(2) Appearance: how the world seems to be.(3) Illusion: (dreams and hallucinations) *sunsets & Earth’s rotation; for example2.Metaphysics vs. Empirical Science(1) Metaphysics has far broader subject matter than that of physical or special sciencea. spatio-temporal objects- metaphysics + physics.b. space and time- metaphysics + physics.c. abstract entities (not in space + time): numbers, sets, abstract propositions.(2) The empirical vs. the non empirical metaphysics NOT empirical… Natural Sciences ARE empirical.Empirical questions are answered by appealing to observation or experimental data; while metaphysical questions involve conceptual analysis and justification only.
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