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Unformatted text preview: K ant
menology Metaphysics analyt ic philosophy ent al philosophy E. Kant T he Kantism response to Hume the phenomenal world=>The world as i t appears
The noumenal world=> The world in i tself.
I t might seem that : Hume Kant Space t ime causation How our minds organize “cause” data cannot
be known. *Spatial + temporal knowledge are synthetic A Priori i t is the same case for causal
We know nothing about the noumenal world.
A Priori- Knowable independently of observation.
Bertrand Russell: The regulari ty theory of causation
-Based on Hume’s noting of constant conjunction, one event, say, E1, causes another event if
and only if (iff) events of the same kind as E1, are regular ly followed by events of the same
k ind as E2.
-Thus, on the regularity theory, causal laws- “A causes B” –express nothing but regularities
of a sequence of events. -USING THE ABOVE: what should we think of thunder claps and lightning bolts, what is
t he relationship between the two?
A law of nature talks about events in general ; not particular events. B e careful not to
m istake te rms like GENERAL and REGU LAR wi th PROBABLE. H ume and his
contempora ries do not operate on probability.
If a man drinks arsenic and should die soon of it, but instead he is shot, what causes his
Russell’s Arsenic Objection leads us to what is called Causal Preemption.
For “A causes B” Russell really wanted to say “ A usually causes B ” ...
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