ANT 2511 8 April 2011 - -Moved bipedally-Retained...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ANT 2511 8 April 2011 1. Australopithecines in South Africa Caves- found in lime stone environment 1 st African hominid discovered Preserved in breccia- - Conglomeration of sand, pebbles, and soil in a cement like matrix - Cannot date it with normal techniques Taung - South Africa - 1924 - Box of fossils came to Raymond Dart - Fossils- endocast, skull, mandible - Australopithecines africanus - Juvenile 3 to 4 years old - High forehead - Foramen magnum anterior found from endocast - Gracile build - Brain size- 405 cc - Teeth in jaw helped determine the skull was a baby - Dart published his findings in journal in 1924- small brained but bipedal hominid. Robert Broom - Biggest supporter of dart - Adult Australopithecus africanus - 1947 - Mrs. Ples- sts 5 – nickname for specimen
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
: Sterkfontein Africanus
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: -Moved bipedally-Retained adaptations to climb trees-2.5 to 2 mya Osteodontokeratic culture-Dart -1947based on fossilized animal bones-Culture of bone, tooth, horn turned bones into tools-Hominids hunted-Bone accumulations result of hominids bringing animals into cave and eating them-Since been disproved- they have been the result of other animals hunting A. Robustus-1950-Robert Brooms-Swartkrans-Lived 2 1 mya-Large zygomatic features-Flat face-Large molar and premolar, small incisors and canines-Sagittal crest-South African variant of A. Boisei Difference between robust and gracile-Comes down to diet-From neck down they are not different-All bipedal-All retain arboreal characteristic...
View Full Document

Page1 / 3

ANT 2511 8 April 2011 - -Moved bipedally-Retained...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online