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Unformatted text preview: ANT 2511 April 11 th 2011 1. The Genus- Homo • Hominids in transition- Australopithecus- to homo- Encephalization- - Changes took place betwe en 3-2.5 mya 2. Early homo- • Similar in body plan to a ustrlopiths but bigger brain a nd s m aller chewing complex • 2 species- Homo Habilis and Homo rudolfensis 3. Homo Habilis • Widely distributed • Found in Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, Malawi, a nd South Africa • Fossil dates range from 2.4 to 1.6 mya • First discovered by the Leakeys at Olduvai George, Tanzanis in 1960 • Nam ed Handy Man. Thought to be the first stone tool us er until A. garhi ca m e along • OH 7- type specimen from Olduvai Geroge, 1.75 mya • Sm aller brain australopithecine was first to invent then brains got bigger as they us ed tools 4. OH 24 Twiggy • Discovered in Tanzania in 1968 • 1.8 mya • Larger brain( 631 cc m e a n across species ) • Less prognathic than a ustralopiths • Sm aller chewing complex m akes the m less prognathic • Gracile 5. KNM-ER 1813 •...
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This note was uploaded on 09/04/2011 for the course ANT 2511 taught by Professor Sinelli during the Spring '08 term at University of Central Florida.
- Spring '08