ANthro 3 - Erasmus Darwin(1731-1802 Darwin's grandfather...

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Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802) Darwin's grandfather leading 18 th cen. British intellectual evolutionist who argued that species changed over time Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744-1829) Naturalist evolutionist and father of Biology First Scientist to provide a wrong explanation of the evolutionary process inheritance of acquired characteristics or the use-disuse theory Contribution to Darwin Demonstrated that species changed over time, and that the environment was a major driving force of this change Geology James Hutton Charles Lyell James Hutton (1726-1797) Theory of the Earth Our planet is millions of years old not 6,000 and has a long history of development and change Charles Lyell (1797-1875) Father of modern geology Principles of Geology Revived Hutton's theory of Uniformitarianism: Slow geologic processes observed today have always been at work Contribution to Darwin Established a deep history for Earth that was requisite for evolutionary theory to work Paleontology Robert Hooke (1635-1704) Identified cells as the building block of life First to realize that fossils were the remains of living things George Cuvier (1769-1832) French Geologist and father on paleontology introduced extinction to explain dissappearance of animals via catastrophism Catastrophism Natural disasters (noah's flood) shaped the earth
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ANthro 3 - Erasmus Darwin(1731-1802 Darwin's grandfather...

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