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antthro 11 exam 3 - males and females present in the group...

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Primate Behavior Primate Social Life Primates are Gregarious: They live in social groups Social behaviors in primates enhance survival and reproduction and are thought to be maintained by natural selection Why Live in Groups? Advantages must outweigh disadvantages Advantages: 1. Protection from Predators 2. Improved access to food 3. Access to mates 4. Assistance in protecting and raising offspring 5. Learning Disadvantages 1. More visible to predators 2. Only certain males mate with females Primate Territories All primates are territorial No overlap with other groups Active defense of boundaries Primate residence patterns Primates have a wide variety of residence patterns, divided according to the number of adult
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Unformatted text preview: males and females present in the group Primate Reproductive Strategies: Male's differ from Females' • Males compete for access to females; this affects male body and canine size. • Sexual dimorphism: Morphological difference between males and females • Females compete with each other for resources to support young; this affects social behaviors • Getting Food: The Burden is on Mom • Searching for and eating food occupies over 50% of a primate's waking hours • Males compete, females build relationships Nonhuman Primate Cultural Behavior • Cultural behavior: 1. Learned 2. Passed from one generation to the next • Chimpanzee Culture 1. Includes tools...
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