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April 13th 2011 - • Bodo skull • Ethiopia 600,000 bp...

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April 13 th 2011 Early Homo Summary Culture becomes increasingly important over time Tool use becomes critical to survival More meat and a wider variety of plant foods Dietary plasticity improves chance of survival Homo Erectus Hominids go global Homo erectus: Early Homo goes global First discovered by Eugene dubois in java, 1891 Later found in China, Georgia, Europe, and throughout Africa Homo erectus in Africa (1.8-.3mya) Nariokotome skeleton An 80 percent complete skeleton of an 11 year old boy More modern proportions: short arms, long legs Cranial capacity over 900 cc KNM- WT 15000 – “ Turkana Boy” 6 ft in height as adult Tall and thin frame is an adaptation for hot environment
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Unformatted text preview: • Bodo skull • Ethiopia, 600,000 bp • Stone stool marks on the left cheek, eye orbit, and nasal bones • Ritual or cannibalism • Moving out of Africa • Georgia by 1.75 mya • SE Asia by 1.7 • China by .6 • Europe by .8 • Dmanisi • Republic of Georgia • Evidence of early H. erectus from approx. 1.75 mya • MNI = 20 • One fairly complete skull, one large mandible, and two partial skulls • Dminisi Homo erectus • Resemblance to East African Homo erectus suggest a rapid spread, by 1.7 m.y.a, of early Homo out of Africa and into Eurasia • Most ancient undisputed human fossils outside of Africa •...
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