Theology Midterm Study Guide

Theology Midterm Study Guide - Theol. 4530 Midterm Medieval...

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Theol. 4530 Midterm Medieval period – - Final cause was utmost. View of world as going towards an “end” (not concerned with efficient cause). Everything has a resting place and is in order according to god. Dominated by Aristotelian thought. - The world was static. Everything had its place and order according to God’s will. - The world is a mystery of God and is perfect. - Aquinas believed in reason as a preamble to faith. The church was the authority to met out information on revelations of God and faith. It is the vessel through god. - Supernatural and Natural revelation: knowledge is to be sought for it is in God’s glory to find the truth of things. - Cosmological argument: All things have a cause relating back to the First Cause. Everything has beginning. - Continuing ruler of nature (God) - Humanity is center of the cosmic drama. - Humans are body / soul dualist, the rest is just body 16 th -17 th century: Pre science period, Copernicus, Galileo, Newton - Galileo Galilei: Father of Modern Science. The scientific method formed with him. Implemented mathematical simplicity (Abandoning the Ptolemaic views and other dated views for what is most obvious / explainable) - The new science extolled experimentation - Galileo studied the use of mathematical equations combined with experimentation. The combination of the two was first explicit due to Galileo. - He believed in matter in motion, before the discovery of atomic theory. - He began using mass, space and time in mathematic equations, these components were previously unimportant to medieval authors. - Angered church officials who went by Aristotle’s Authority and the Ptolemaic view. - He went by traditional views of God ---------------- The three great rationalists---------------
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- Descartes : Mathematical, not experimental side of new science believed an extreme individualism of mind and matter explained the separation between God and physical presence. A rationalist. “God ever geometrizes”. We recognize God primordially, he created for aesthetic and mathematical purposes. Everything is in a mathematic design. - “Cartesian” duality of mind and matter - Spinoza : God is reality itself, there is no good or evil mode or intent. Everything is mechanical and mathematical in nature. True wisdom comes from recognizing one’s place in the system and observing and accepting the laws that govern our lives. - Leibniz : Theory of pre-established harmony is a philosophical theory about causation under which every "substance" only affects itself, but all the substances (both bodies and minds) in the world nevertheless seem to causally interact with each other because they have been programmed by God in advance to "harmonize" with each other. Leibniz's term for these substances was "monads" - Hobbs : It all happened by chance. -
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This note was uploaded on 09/05/2011 for the course THEO 4530 taught by Professor Power during the Spring '11 term at UGA.

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Theology Midterm Study Guide - Theol. 4530 Midterm Medieval...

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