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Unformatted text preview: Sara Beg PSY 2012 Section AW59 Kimberly Renk Shore, D., & Heerey, E. (2011, February). The value of genuine and polite smiles.. Emotion . Retrieved June 10, 2011, from PsycARTICLES database. Humans are social creatures by nature, and it has been suggested that humans are remarkably flexible when it comes to social adaptability. Researchers have attempted to understand this social ability with reinforced learning. The focus of this article is the writers’ research on facial expressions and how a simple smile or frown affects social behavior. A smile may even be rewarding in two ways – a person’s genuine smile reveals their sincere positive emotions and can make the person being smiled at feel some of that emotion as well; also, a facial expression may predict the outcome of a social experience. For example, it is well known that if the person one is talking to is frowning, the conversation is unlikely to end on a positive note or leave the converser in a positive mood. If, in fact, a facial expression can influence a social behavior and make it positive or negative, facial expressions are a much bigger contributor to social behavior than originally thought. Three different experiments were conducted to observe if facial expressions have a certain value (predicting outcome, where one has come to believe through past experience where a frown resulted in a negative outcome or a smile resulted in a positive one), if different facial expressions carry different values, and if research study participants value social rewards versus monetary ones. In the first experiment, there were 42 participants, undergrad students who completed the study for psychology course credit and a bit of extra money. The participants played a game against four opponents (all four opponents were computer players), two of whom were identified...
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- Summer '07
- Psychology, facial expressions, participants, opponents, Sara Beg, Kimberly Renk