chapter2 - Chapter 2 Victimization and Criminal Behavior CJ...

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1 Chapter 2 Victimization and Criminal Behavior CJ 101 Introduction to Criminal Justice Dr. Michael Blankenship Learning Objectives Our discussion will focus on… factors affecting victimization how individual and structural factors affect the risk of criminal victimization costs of criminal victimization and how they are calculated different theories of criminal behavior policy implications of the respective theories about the causes of crime Victimology 1. Who is victimized? 2. What is the impact of crime? 3. What happens to victims? 4. How do victims contribute to their victimization?
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2 Who is Victimized (Visible Crime)? Probability of victimization not equal Demographics matters Men, youths, people of color Most violent street crime is intraracial The poor City dwellers More likely to be victimized by someone we know , especially in cases of sex crimes Victimization by Age Victimization by Race
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3 Victimization by Gender Circumstances Most victimizations occur in large urban areas occur in the evening hours most serious crimes take place after 6 p.m. most likely sites are open public areas involve only one victim Lifestyle-Exposure Model Of Victimization
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4 What is the Impact of Visible Crime? Economic Costs = $105 billion/year loss of property lower productivity medical care Psychological Costs = $450 billion/year pain trauma lost of quality of life Costs of operating the criminal justice system = $167 billion / yr Fear of Crime Americans’ fears of crime exceed actual victimization risks People experience crime indirectly, rather than directly Views are shaped by the media Newspapers Television programs, including local news programs Fear of crime can limit the amount of freedom we possess Demographics matter The Experience of Victims within the Criminal Justice System Victims not the focus of the criminal justice system crimes are committed against the State focus on catching and punishing offender Too often the system not sensitive to the needs of victims State and federal laws establish victims’ rights more symbolic than functional
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5 Victimization Summary Victims sometimes contribute to their own victimization victim precipitation should not blame the victim should try to educate and prevent victimization crime prevention target hardening be aware of your risk factors
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This note was uploaded on 09/05/2011 for the course CJ 101 taught by Professor Wormer during the Spring '09 term at Boise State.

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chapter2 - Chapter 2 Victimization and Criminal Behavior CJ...

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